The northern peninsulas are separated from Muttland by several lagoons or bodden, the largest of which are the Großer Jasmunder Bodden and Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden. Local passenger ferries connect the piers of Sassnitz, Binz, Sellin and Göhren with the adjacent islands of Hiddensee, Vilm and Greifswalder Oie. Tourist services include ferry connections from Lauterbach to Gager, and between Sassnitz, Binz, Sellin and Göhren. After they had played out, the former principality went in 1354 to Pomerania-Wolgast and thus became part of the Holy Roman Empire. East of the town of Bergen auf Rügen the land climbs to 90 m above NN (at Rugard where there is an observation tower) and to 107 m above NN in the southeastern hill country of the Granitz. There is an average rainfall of 520–560 millimetres (20–22 in) and approximately 1800–1870 hours of sunshine annually. The Schaabe, in turn, separates the outer bay of Tromper Wiek from the lagoon of the Großer Jasmunder Bodden. Rügen has a maximum length … The "gateway" to Rügen island is the Hanseatic city of Stralsund, where it is linked to the mainland by road and railway via the Rügen Bridge and Causeway, two routes crossing the two-kilometre-wide Strelasund, a sound of the Baltic Sea.. Rügen has a maximum length of 51.4 km (31.9 mi) (from north to south), a maximum width of 42.8 km (26.6 mi) in the south and an area of 926 km 2 (358 sq mi). After the Second World War Rügen became part of the state of Mecklenburg within the German Democratic Republic (GDR). In the years 1678 and 1715, Rügen was briefly wrested from the Swedes by the Elector of Brandenburg, Frederick William and by the King in Prussia, Frederick William I. ... Mit 1.400 Einwohnern und dem Fischerdorf Vitt als größter Ort ist hier alles überschaubar. Das Osteebad Binz ist mit mehr als 2 Millionen Übernachtungen im Jahr Deutschlands größter und vielleicht auch beliebtester Urlaubsort an der gesamten Ostseeküste. The coast is characterized by numerous sandy beaches, lagoons (Bodden) and open bays (Wieke), as well as projecting peninsulas and headlands. From the 7th century the West Slavic Rani (or Rujani) built an empire on Rügen and the neighbouring coast between Recknitz and Ryck. After they had played out, the former principality went in 1354 to Pomerania-Wolgast and thus became part of the Holy Roman Empire. In the Migration Period, many Rugii moved south and founded an empire in Pannonia. There is also a nature reserve, the Southeast Rügen Biosphere Reserve, consisting of the peninsulas in the southeast. In addition, the bus service is well-linked with the railway, especially in Bergen, but also at other railway stations. Rügen has a maximum length of 51.4 km (31.9 mi) (from north to south), a maximum width of 42.8 km (26.6 mi) in the south and an area of 926 km2 (358 sq mi). [7] Increased holiday capacity was not however generated until the 1970s and 1980s. The village is part of the municipality of Putgarten. Vogelgezwitscher und blauer Himmel begleiten Spaziergänger auf ausgedehnten Streifzügen durch … In fact, they were used as accommodation for the barracks-based "people's police" (Kasernierte Volkspolizei or CPI). In the years 1678 and 1715, Rügen was briefly wrested from the Swedes by the Elector of Brandenburg, Frederick William and by the King in Prussia, Frederick William I. Zu den ältesten Bauten der größten Stadt auf Rügen zählt die Kirche St. Marien in der Nähe des Marktplatzes. In 1168, the Danish king, Valdemar I, and his army commander and advisor, Bishop Absalon of Roskilde destroyed the Svetovid temple in the hillfort at Cape Arkona, ending both the territorial and religious autonomy of the Rani; their former monarchs became Danish princes of Rügen. In 1990, Rügen became part of the new state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and, together with the neighbouring islands of Hiddensee and Ummanz, formed the district of Rügen. Deutschland Lauterbach Lauterbach ist ein Ortsteil der Stadt Putbus auf Rügen, zählt 500 Einwohner und liegt am Greifswalder Bodden im Südosten der Insel. Öffnungszeiten: Montag – Freitag: 10.00 – 18.00 Uhr. ... Binz gilt als größter und beliebtester Badeort auf der Ostseeinsel Rügen. The basis of their great military strength was a combination of the Ranian navy and a favourable location. In 1952 the island became part of the district of Rostock. Since the 2011 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern district reforms Rügen has been part of Vorpommern-Rügen. Jedenfalls auf dem ersten Blick, der nicht hinter die Kulissen wandert. The cornerstone for a second crossing over the Strelasund was laid on 31 August 2004. Since the 2011 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern district reforms Rügen has been part of Vorpommern-Rügen. Just under a kilometre to the northwest, located at 54°41' N, is the northernmost point of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Major peninsulas in the south are Zudar and Mönchgut which both face the Bay of Greifswald. The northern part of the Bay of Greifswald, the Rügischer Bodden, is a large bay in the south of Rügen island, with the island of Vilm lying just offshore. Bergen auf Rügen Die Stadt Bergen gilt als Hauptstadt von Deutschlands größter Insel Rügen und wird von derzeit etwa 14.000 Menschen bewohnt. The "gateway" to Rügen island is the Hanseatic city of Stralsund, where it is linked to the mainland by road and railway via the Rügen Bridge and Causeway, two routes crossing the two-kilometre-wide Strelasund, a sound of the Baltic Sea. update 12.02.2021 | in Deutschland, In die Natur, Sehenswürdigkeiten | von Matthias | 4 Kommentare | English; Rügen ist vor allem bekannt für die Seebäder Sellin, Binz, Baabe, Göhren und Thiessow im Südosten der Insel. Throughout the year, buses now run at least every hour on the routes between Sassnitz-Binz-Bergen, Schaprode–Bergen–Klein Zicker, Bergen/Sassnitz-Altenkirchen-Wiek-Dranske and the Altenkirchen-Putgarten near Cape Arkona. Two German national parks are situated on Rügen: the Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park, in the west (including Hiddensee), and the Jasmund National Park, a smaller park including the famous chalk cliffs (Königsstuhl). In 1816 the first bathing resort was founded at Putbus. Meanwhile, the Ranians built numerous castles and temples in the Barth-Jasmund-Gristow triangle. [9] In the 1860s Sassnitz became a seaside resort, followed by Binz in the 1880s. Rügen was part of Swedish Pomerania from 1648 to 1815. Gut Lebbin auf Rügen- ein traumhaftes Natur Resort auf Deutschlands größter Insel Gepostet am 31. The first bathing facility on Rügen opened in 1794 at the mineral-rich spring in Sagard. [1] The highest elevations are on the Jasmund peninsula: Piekberg (161 m (528 ft)) and Königsstuhl (117 m (384 ft)).[1]. Rügen is one of the most popular holiday destinations in Germany. The Rani prince Jaromar I (died 1218) was a vassal of the Danish king and Christianized the island's inhabitants. Two German national parks are situated on Rügen: the Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park, in the west (including Hiddensee), and the Jasmund National Park, a smaller park including the famous chalk cliffs (Königsstuhl). Rügen has now surpassed Sylt as the most popular German island again. The main trading centre of the empire was Ralswiek at the southernmost point of the Großer Jasmunder Bodden. All these destinations can be reached using public transport, without needing a car. In 1304 a storm surge, known as the All Saints' Flood, devastated the island and flooded the peninsula between Mönchgut and Ruden. Der Name Lohmes hat slawische Wurzeln und leitet sich wahrscheinlich vom Wort lomú ab, das sinngemäß Steinbruch bedeutet. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Offshore are the larger islands of Hiddensee and Ummanz as well as the smaller islands Öhe Liebitz and Heuwiese. Tourist destinations, other than seaside resorts, include Cape Arkona, the wood-covered Stubbenkammer hills on Jasmund with interesting chalk cliff formations, the wood-covered Granitz hills with their Jagdschloß or hunting lodge, the classicist buildings of Putbus and the inland villages of Bergen auf Rügen, Ralswiek and Gingst. The climate is in the temperate zone. Pleasure steamers also ply between the resorts and Peenemünde on Usedom, where there is a connection to the Usedom Railway (UBB). At the time of Napoleonic Wars, Rügen was held by the French from 1807–1813. Schon in der Jungsteinzeit errichteten die Menschen ihre Großsteingräber aus Findlingen; diese konnten sie wie heute auf und neben der ganzen Insel Rügen verteilt finden. Night train services to Munich, Basle and the Ruhr area were deleted from the timetable on 9 December 2007, despite massive protests from the local hotel industry. For the former fief of Denmark and state of the Holy Roman Empire, see, Exorcising Hitler, The Occupation and Denazifcation of germany, by Frederick Taylor, Bloomsbury Press, Dr. Rudolf Petzold, 1964, Die Bäderküste Rügens, Veb Brockhaus Verlag,Leipzig, page 5, Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park, Stralsund (Rügendamm)-Bergen-Sassnitz line, Vorpommern-Rügen – Vorpommern-Greifswald I, "Landkreis Rügen homepage/Regionales: Städte, Gemeinden, Ämter", "Fährhafen Sassnitz Gmbh (homepage), Verkehre, Liniendienste", "Deutsche Bahn Pressemitteilung vom 03.07.2009, 16:12", Jasmund National Park pictures and information about the chalk cliffs, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rügen&oldid=1011260192, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 March 2021, at 22:18. The Schaabe, in turn, separates the outer bay of Tromper Wiek from the lagoon of the Großer Jasmunder Bodden. The railway network consists of the electrified standard gauge stretch of the Deutsche Bahn Stralsund (Rügendamm)-Bergen-Sassnitz line (timetable route (KBS) 195), Lietzow-Binz (KBS 197), the non-electrified routes Bergen-Putbus-Lauterbach Mole of the PRESS (KBS 198) and the narrow gauge stretch (750 mm (2 ft 5.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2 in)) of the Rügen Resort Railway (Rasender Roland): Lauterbach Mole-Putbus-Binz-Sellin-Göhren (KBS 199). For example, a Brandenburg-Danish army landed on the island as part of the invasion of Rügen in 1678. In addition, there is a regular ship service from Stralsund, Wiek and Breege to Hiddensee. Its subdivisions are the Ämter Bergen auf Rügen (municipalities Bergen auf Rügen, Buschvitz, Garz, Gustow, Lietzow, Parchtitz, Patzig, Poseritz, Ralswiek, Rappin, Sehlen and Thesenvitz), West-Rügen (municipalities Altefähr, Dreschvitz, Gingst, Hiddensee, Kluis, Neuenkirchen, Rambin, Samtens, Schaprode, Trent and Ummanz), Nord-Rügen (municipalities Altenkirchen, Breege, Dranske, Glowe, Lohme, Putgarten, Sagard, Wiek) and Mönchgut-Granitz (municipalities Baabe, Göhren, Lancken-Granitz, Middelhagen, Sellin, Thiessow and Zirkow) and the Amt-free municipalities of Binz, Putbus and Sassnitz. Night train services to Munich, Basle and the Ruhr area were deleted from the timetable on 9 December 2007, despite massive protests from the local hotel industry. There are 9 ways to get from Greater Manchester to Rügen by plane, train, bus, bus and ferry, car, car train or car ferry. Bergen - Deutschlands größter Fund-Ort Nirgendwo werden so viele archäologisch wertvolle Entdeckungen gemacht wie auf Rügen – so wie jüngst der Silberschatz von Schaprode. Zum Ort. During the summer season there is the option on some routes to carry bicycles on the buses. The Slavic cultural element disappeared, mostly due to the lack of their own Slavic church structures, so that the Rani were absorbed in the period that followed into the now German-influenced people of Rügen. In the west of the peninsula of Mönchgut a narrow, 5 km (3.1 mi)-long bar, the Reddevitz Höft, separates the two bays of Having and Hagensche Wiek. At the time of Napoleonic Wars, Rügen was held by the French from 1807–1813. Throughout the year, buses now run at least every hour on the routes between Sassnitz-Binz-Bergen, Schaprode–Bergen–Klein Zicker, Bergen/Sassnitz-Altenkirchen-Wiek-Dranske and the Altenkirchen-Putgarten near Cape Arkona. Rügen, together with the Danish island of Møn on the far side of Rügen in the Baltic Sea and the area around Dover, England,[citation needed] once belonged to a large chalk plateau, which had been pushed by tectonic movements to the earth's surface. The main body of the island, known as Muttland, is surrounded by several peninsulas. Rome2rio displays up to date schedules, route maps, journey times and estimated fares from relevant transport … Rügen is Germany's largest island. In 1478, Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin were united and, 170 years later, the combined state went to Sweden in 1648 as a result of the Treaty of Westphalia (see Swedish Pomerania). After the death of the last Slav prince, Wizlaw III, in 1325, the principality was acquired by Pomerania-Wolgast as a consequence of the 1321 inheritance agreement (Erbverbrüderung), and from 1368/72–1451 was part of the estate of a branch line, the House of Barth. There is also a nature reserve, the Southeast Rügen Biosphere Reserve, consisting of the peninsulas in the southeast. Later more resorts were established, and Rügen remained the most famous holiday resort of Germany until World War II. The island offers a huge variety of different beach and shore areas. This bridge, the Rügen Bridge, running parallel to the Rügendamm, has a length of about 4.1 kilometres and a vertical clearance for ships of 42 metres, and was on opened on 20 October 2007. Administratively, Rügen is part of the district Vorpommern-Rügen. In 1816 the first bathing resort was founded at Putbus. On the peninsula of Jasmund is the Jasmund National Park, which consists of the beech forest of Stubnitz, including the famous chalk cliffs of Rügen. Passenger and car ferries connect Rügen's centre of Muttland, to both Wittow in Rügen's north via the Wittow Ferry and to the mainland via the Glewitz Ferry (Glewitzer Fähre) between Stahlbrode near Greifswald and Glewitz on Rügen's Zudar peninsula. Rügen ist Deutschlands größte Insel, gelegen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The condition and signing of this network varies considerably from one place to another, from very good in the seaside resorts to poor in the area between Garz and Zudar. Rügen is dotted with many glacial erratic boulders, of which the 22 largest belong to legally-protected geotopes (see also: Erratics on and around Rügen). In the aftermath of World War II, East German and Soviet authorities exiled landholders from the mainland to the island.[6]. In addition to regional trains, there are also Intercity services from Binz via Bergen and Stralsund to Berlin, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and the Ruhr. Under Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden the town of Gustavia was constructed on the Mönchgut peninsula, but was abandoned during the Napoleonic Wars. Today the most popular seaside resorts are the Schaabe beaches between Altenkirchen and Juliusruh including Drewoldke, Glowe and Breege, and the eastern beaches between Sassnitz and Göhren including Neu Mukran, Prora, Binz, Sellin and Baabe. Sand removal and deposition by the Baltic Sea has to be constantly countered by dredging operations to the north and south of Hiddensee, otherwise Hiddensee would merge with Rügen within a few years. The operation commanded by Wolfram von Richthofen that bombed the town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War, was named after the island. The towns on Rügen are: Bergen, Sassnitz, Putbus and Garz. This peninsula ends in the east at the cape of Nordperd near Göhren and in the south at the cape of Südperd by Thiessow. Rügen is very popular as a tourist destination because of its resort architecture, the diverse landscape and its long, sandy beaches. Today the most popular seaside resorts are the Schaabe beaches between Altenkirchen and Juliusruh including Drewoldke, Glowe and Breege, and the eastern beaches between Sassnitz and Göhren including Neu Mukran, Prora, Binz, Sellin and Baabe. Bergen auf Ruegen might not have as many public transport options to choose from so consider renting a car to explore the city. Its subdivisions are the Ämter Bergen auf Rügen (municipalities Bergen auf Rügen, Buschvitz, Garz, Gustow, Lietzow, Parchtitz, Patzig, Poseritz, Ralswiek, Rappin, Sehlen and Thesenvitz), West-Rügen (municipalities Altefähr, Dreschvitz, Gingst, Hiddensee, Kluis, Neuenkirchen, Rambin, Samtens, Schaprode, Trent and Ummanz), Nord-Rügen (municipalities Altenkirchen, Breege, Dranske, Glowe, Lohme, Putgarten, Sagard, Wiek) and Mönchgut-Granitz (municipalities Baabe, Göhren, Lancken-Granitz, Middelhagen, Sellin, Thiessow and Zirkow) and the Amt-free municipalities of Binz, Putbus and Sassnitz. Until October 2007, individual traffic from the mainland to the island of Rügen was mainly routed along the two-lane Rügendamm causeway, running between Stralsund and Altefähr over the sound of Strelasund. The island of Rügen is part of the district of Vorpommern-Rügen, with its county seat in Stralsund. The power of the towns grew rapidly, forcing Rügen's rulers to make concessions—for example, the prince's castle at Barth was slighted and Schadegast, the princely "twin" of the municipally-controlled Stralsund, was ousted in favour of the latter. Meanwhile, the Ranians built numerous castles and temples in the Barth-Jasmund-Gristow triangle. Because of its location in a coastal gully on the cliffed coast, called Liete, Vitt is not visible from afar. [1] Of an overall 574 km (357 mi)-long coastline, 56 km (35 mi) are sandy Baltic Sea beaches, and 2.8 km (1.7 mi) sandy bodden beaches. ... auf eine Unterkunft stieß, die mich so beeindruckte, dass ich sie unbedingt besuchen wollte. In 1184, the Pomeranians, whose rule had previously extended as far as the land of Gützkow and to Demmin and thus made them the immediate neighbours of the now Danish Principality of Rugia, were commissioned by their overlord, the Holy Roman Emperor, to seize Rügen for the empire, but were defeated in the Bay of Greifswald. Getting around Bergen auf Ruegen. This is always possible on the railways. ... Somit findet … To the north lie the peninsulas of Wittow and Jasmund, connected to each other by the Schaabe sandbar and to Muttland by the Schmale Heide, an embankment at Lietzow and the Wittow Ferry. In 1952 the island became part of the district of Rostock. Vorpommern Rügen Deutschlands größter Fund-Ort 00:00 05.05.2018 Bergen/Sassnitz - Deutschlands größter Fund-Ort In 2007 a second bridge, the Rügen Bridge (Rügenbrücke), was built to replace the first one built in 1936. The larger Rostock–Laage Airport offers regular international destinations. In addition, there were 12,245 places for children in summer camps and another 20,800 places for campers. Rügen is very popular as a tourist destination because of its resort architecture, the diverse landscape and its long, sandy beaches. Wiek auf Rügen ist eine kleine Gemeinde auf der Halbinsel Wittow, die über die Wittower Fähre oder die Schaabe erreichbar ist und im Westen an den Wieker Bodden grenzt. The winters are not particularly cold, with mean temperatures in January and February of 0.0 °C (32.0 °F); and summers are mild and temperate, with a mean temperature in August of 16.3 °C (61.3 °F). The administrative centre of the empire was Charenza (possibly identical with the present Garz or Venz hillfort). The Rugii may have originated from Scandinavia or evolved from autochthonous tribes. Alles erscheint normal. There is a service between all major towns and municipalities on the island at least every two hours, sometimes more frequently during peak season. The main body of the island, known as Muttland, is surrounded by several peninsulas. Beginnend mit einem V hat VILMNITZ gesamt 8 Buchstaben. The Wittow peninsula is adjoined in the north by Cape Arkona. Januar 2018 August 4th, 2019 Rügen-Blog, Rügen-Urlaub, Sellin, Streifzüge. Just under a kilometre to the northwest, located at 54°41' N, is the northernmost point of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. In the Treaty of Kiel of 1814, it was transferred initially from Sweden to Denmark and then fell to Prussia, along with New Western Pomerania (Neuvorpommern), thanks to the Vienna Convention of 1815. The climate is in the temperate zone. Passenger and car ferries connect Rügen's centre of Muttland, to both Wittow in Rügen's north via the Wittow Ferry and to the mainland via the Glewitz Ferry (Glewitzer Fähre) between Stahlbrode near Greifswald and Glewitz on Rügen's Zudar peninsula. [4] Overall, there are 45 municipalities on Rügen, four of which have town status (Bergen, Garz, Putbus and Sassnitz).[5]. The occasion was supposed to have been a visit by Walter Ulbricht to the island of Rügen, during which he had been annoyed by the many surviving private hotels and guest houses. A ferry sails from Sassnitz ferry port in Mukran to the Danish island of Bornholm, to Swedish Trelleborg, to Klaipeda (formerly Memel) in Lithuania, to Baltiysk (formerly Pillau) and to Saint Petersburg. In June 2011, UNESCO awarded the status of a World Heritage Site to the Jasmund National Park, famous for its vast stands of beeches and chalk cliffs like King's Chair, the main landmark of Rügen island.[3]. Rügen Insidertipps: Urlaub auf Deutschlands größter Insel. The Baltic Sea Airport Stralsund also offers flights to and from the region of Western Pomerania. ... Eines der Natur-Highlights auf Rügen ist der Hochuferweg im Jasmund Nationalpark. Bergen Abbey in 1193 and Hilda Abbey, today Eldena Abbey, in 1199). Nimm dein Fahrrad mit auf die Fähre oder leihe dir vor Ort bei einem der zahlreichen Anbieter ein Fahrrad. So wächst die Zahl der Hochzeitslocations rasant. Discoveries in the bodden indicate that there has been settlement here since the Stone Age. By the 1st century, the inhabitants of Rügen were part of the East Germanic tribe of Rugii, who roughly occupied the region that was later to become Western Pomerania and who gave the island its name.