In August 1835, he learned that Ernestine was born illegitimate, which meant that she would have no dowry. Im wunderlichen Chor; From mid-career on, she mainly performed music by leading composers. In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. Most of the joke is in the central section of the first movement, which makes a thinly veiled reference to La Marseillaise. Sie kämen aus ihrer Höhe, But what distinguishes Schumann’s Dichterliebe is the incredible unity of effect he achieves with only 16 songs, some of them less than a minute long. Ein Pauken und ein Schalmei’n; Sei uns'rer Schwester nicht böse, Sie würden mit mir weinen, 5. 2, 4, 6) or the urgent passion of others (Nos. Ich hab’ im Traum geweinet, In his writings, Schumann created a fictional music society based on people in his life, called the Davidsbündler, named after the biblical King David who fought against the Philistines. Had they waited another day, they would no longer have required her father's consent. [25] In particular, meningiomas are known to produce musical auditory hallucinations such as Schumann reported. 16 (1838), considered one of Schumann's greatest works, carried his fantasy and emotional range deeper. Und hat sich mit dieser vermählt. Das Lied der Nachtigall. (He later worked closely with Clara to popularize Schumann's compositions during her long widowhood.). 127 und 142 enthalten neben diesen Heine-Gedichten auch Gedichte von Justinus Kerner. Hervor mit weißer Hand, Da singt es und da klingt es . Von einem Zauberland; (1847–1850) Művei zongorára. Ein Nachtigallenchor. Und Nebelbilder steigen The festive mood does not preclude moments of melancholic introspection in the Intermezzo. Schumann abandoned the idea of a concert career and devoted himself instead to composition. Und meinen Schmerz hinein. Dichterliebe, op. Im irren, wirren Kreis; Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. 49, Romanzen & Balladen volume II (3 songs) (1840) Op. 120). The subject of Genoveva—based on Ludwig Tieck and Christian Friedrich Hebbel's plays—was not seen an ideal choice. Melodic and deceptively simple, the piece is "complex" in its harmonic structure. Aus alten Märchen winkt es [18] In it, Schumann attempted to abolish recitative, which he regarded as an interruption to the musical flow (an influence on Richard Wagner; Schumann's consistently flowing melody can be seen as a forerunner to Wagner's Melos). He also began to seriously study piano with Friedrick Wieck, a well-known piano teacher. 15) (1823) Part of a series or song cycle: Lyrisches Intermezzo. Ein Jüngling liebt ein Mädchen, [28] His medical records from this illness were released in 1991, and suggest a "progressive paralysis", a term used for neurosyphilis at the time, although a diagnostic test for Treponema pallidum did not become available till 1906. [16] Again, according to Hutcheson: "No words can describe the Phantasie, no quotations set forth the majesty of its genius. As soon as he began to work, he was seized with fits of shivering and an apprehension of death, experiencing an abhorrence of high places, all metal instruments (even keys), and drugs. He entered Dr. Franz Richarz's sanatorium in Endenich, a quarter of Bonn, and remained there until he died on 29 July 1856 at the age of 46. [5] During his studies with Wieck, some stories claim that Schumann permanently injured a finger on his right hand. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. 48, Song cycle, Dichterliebe, sixteen songs from Heine's Buch der Lieder (1840) Op. Most of Schumann's late works, particularly the Violin Concerto, the Fantasy for Violin and Orchestra and the Violin Sonata No. In 1846, he felt he had recovered. They made mutual declarations of love in December in Zwickau, where Clara appeared in concert. 3, all from 1853, have entered the repertoire. Da singt es und da klingt es Kommt’s über mich wie Himmelslust; Die müssen noch stärker sein Floß noch von der Wange herab. From 1832 to 1839, Schumann wrote almost exclusively for piano, but in 1840 alone he wrote at least 138 songs. Und Bretter fest und dick; In meines Lebens Wildnis [26] It has also been hypothesised that he suffered from schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder; bipolar type,[27] or bipolar disorder and bipolar II disorder. Ich sah, mein Lieb, wie sehr du elend bist. The songs Belsatzar, Op. Mein Sehnen und Verlangen. Eusebius and Florestan, the imaginary figures appearing so often in his critical writings, also appear, alongside brilliant imitations of Chopin and Paganini. He spent the first half of 1844 with Clara on tour in Russia, and his depression grew worse as he felt inferior to Clara as a musician. Das Lied soll schauern und beben ABEGG-variációk, Op. 16 tracks (28:48). He appeared to recognize her, but was able to speak only a few words. The boy immediately developed a love of music, and worked on his own compositions, without the aid of Kuntzsch. 14. Aki Heine Schumann-dalciklusokban lévő verseinek műfordításait szeretné megismerni, an-nak Hárs Ernő említett kötete megjelenéséig komoly kutatómunkát kellett végeznie (a könyv kifejezetten a dalciklusok szövegének fordításait közli, s a válogatás a Dichterliebe mellett az op. Heine hatte die Gedichte nicht mit Überschriften versehen, es handelt sich bei den „Liedertiteln“ daher um Incipits. Von einem Zauberland: Wo große Blumen schmachten. jenes Land der Wonne, Mir träumt’, du verließest mich. Doch wenn du sprichst: ich liebe dich! Es flüstern und sprechen die Blumen, Die Träume bös’ und arg, Du sagst mir heimlich ein leises Wort Robert Schumann[a] (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. With her permission, by Christmas he was back in Leipzig, at age 20 taking piano lessons from his old master Friedrich Wieck, who assured him that he would be a successful concert pianist after a few years' study with him. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Die hat einen andern erwählt; Schumann: „Es leuchtet meine Liebe“. "Since You Asked ...," Robert Schumann: Then, Now and Always. Sie hat ja selbst zerrissen, 1, Variations on the name "Abegg" in F, Op. Von wildem Schmerzendrang. Und grüne Bäume singen 15, completed in 1838 and a favourite of Schumann's piano works, depicts the innocence and playfulness of childhood. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing. During Eastertide 1830, he heard the Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer Niccolò Paganini play in Frankfurt. In 1837 Schumann published his Symphonic Studies, a complex set of étude-like variations written in 1834–1835, which demanded a finished piano technique. Ich wache auf, und der Strauß ist fort, Ist Rose und Lilie und Taube und Sonne. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Das Werk wurde im September 1844 bei C. F. Peters in Leipzig gedruckt und 1861 in Hamburg von Julius Stockhausen und Johannes Brahms erstmals als Ganzes aufgeführt. He published a music magazine and wrote a lot of articles about music that had just been composed. In it, Schumann creates imaginary characters who discuss Chopin's work: Florestan (the embodiment of Schumann's passionate, voluble side) and Eusebius (his dreamy, introspective side)—the counterparts of Vult and Walt in Flegeljahre. 39 (depicting a series of moods relating to or inspired by nature); the Frauenliebe und -leben of Chamisso, Op. Mit seinem großen Dome So groß und schwer mag sein? Die alten, bösen Lieder, Ich hab’ im Traum geweinet, While still at school in Zwickau, he read the works of the German poet-philosophers Schiller and Goethe, as well as Byron and the Greek tragedians. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. ... Dichterliebe Op. Robert Schumann was a German composer and influential music critic. In 1828, Schumann left high school, and after a trip during which he met the poet Heinrich Heine in Munich, he left to study law at the University of Leipzig under family pressure. Und frei und selig sein! So will mir die Brust zerspringen [29], Schumann heard a persistent A-note at the end of his life. The work—described as "one of the peaks of the piano literature, lofty in conception and faultless in workmanship" [Hutcheson]—was dedicated to the young English composer William Sterndale Bennett, for whom Schumann had had a high regard when they worked together in Leipzig. There is something heartrending about poor Schumann's epochal inefficiency as a conductor. Robert Schumann (n. 8 iunie 1810, Zwickau, Regatul Saxoniei – d. 29 iulie 1856, Endenich[*] , Regatul Prusiei) a fost un compozitor și pianist german, unul dintre cei mai celebri compozitori romantici ai primei jumătăți a secolului XIX.Un intelectual, precum și un estet, muzica sa, mai mult decât a oricărui alt compozitor, reflectă adânca natură personală a romantismului. In 1861 Brahms published his Variations for Piano Four Hands, Op. Doch wenn ich küße deinen Mund, 1 in A minor, Op. Some argue that, as the disability appeared to have been chronic and have affected the hand, and not just a finger, it was not likely caused by a finger strengthening device.[7]. Im Dom da steht ein Bildnis, 44, now one of his best known and most admired works; the Piano Quartet and three string quartets. Dichterliebe, op. Schumann intended to use proceeds from sales of the work toward the construction of a monument to Beethoven, who had died in 1827. Although the text set in the opening song contains no hint of the bitter turmoil awaiting the poet, Schumann’s harmonic and voice-leading procedures skillfully underlay this brief opening movement with a bitter twinge of doubt. No. Ein Lied von der Liebsten mein. On 30 September 1853, the 20-year-old composer Johannes Brahms arrived unannounced at the door of the Schumanns carrying a letter of introduction from violinist Joseph Joachim. Mit bräutlichem Gesicht; Moore, Lindsay. Vier Lieder wurden bei der Drucklegung aussortiert: Opp. Schumann: „Mein Wagen rollet langsam“. [2] Schumann began to compose before the age of seven, but his boyhood was spent in the cultivation of literature as much as music—undoubtedly influenced by his father, a bookseller, publisher, and novelist. Auch muß sie sein noch länger, On 27 February, he attempted suicide by throwing himself from a bridge into the Rhine River (his elder sister Emilie had committed suicide in 1825, possibly by drowning herself). In late February 1854, Schumann's symptoms increased, the angelic visions sometimes being replaced by demonic ones. To each of these characters he devotes a section of Carnaval. A report by Janisch and Nauhaus on Schumann's autopsy indicates that he had a "gelatinous" tumor at the base of the brain; it may have represented a colloid cyst, a craniopharyngioma, a chordoma, or a chordoid meningioma. 7 of the set, is one of the most famous piano pieces ever written, and has been performed in myriad forms and transcriptions. Dichterliebe is prominently featured in Jon Marans' play Old Wicked Songs. Und dort mein Herz erfreu’n, Das einst die Liebste sang, Die Lüfte heimlich klingen, Die goldenen Sternelein, [3], At age seven, Schumann began studying general music and piano with Johann Gottfried Kuntzsch, a teacher at the Zwickau high school. Hör’ ich das Liedchen klingen, Two years after their marriage, Friedrich Wieck at last reconciled himself with the couple, eager to see his grandchildren. 12. 46. Von den 20 komponierten Liedern wurden 16 schließlich gedruckt. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms. Schumann's biographers attribute the sweetness, doubt, and despair of these songs to the emotions aroused by his love for Clara and the uncertainties of their future together. Rescued by boatmen and taken home, he asked to be taken to an asylum for the insane. Schumann campaigned to revive interest in major composers of the past, including Mozart, Beethoven, and Weber. And in his notebook of suggestions for the text of operas are found amongst others: Nibelungen, Lohengrin and Till Eulenspiegel. Holt einen großen Sarg. These variations were based on a theme by the adoptive father of Ernestine von Fricken. 13. In 1843 he wrote Paradise and the Peri, his first attempt at concerted vocal music, an oratorio style work based on Lalla-Rookh by Thomas Moore. The rest of the work was written later in 1849, and the overture (which Schumann described as "one of the sturdiest of [his] creations") in 1853. At times, he had musical hallucinations that were longer than just the single A, but his diaries include comments about hearing that annoying single note. Wie du auch strahlst in Diamantenpracht, Indeed, 1840 (the Liederjahr or year of song) is highly significant in Schumann's musical legacy, despite his earlier deriding of works for piano and voice as inferior. 48, ist ein Zyklus von 16 romantischen Kunstliedern von Robert Schumann. For other uses, see, This article is about the German composer. Trompeten schmettern darein The insurrection of Dresden caused Schumann to move to Kreischa, a little village a few miles outside the city. [1], Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Wikisource: Tragödien nebst einem lyrischen Intermezzo (Heine), International Music Score Library Project,, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Die Rose, die Lilie, die Taube, die Sonne. Aus meinen Tränen spriessen Liszt also said: "It is a noble work, worthy of Beethoven, whose career, by the way, it is supposed to represent". Schumann's diaries also state that he suffered perpetually from imagining that he had the note A5 sounding in his ears. 11. Despite her delicate appearance, she was an extremely strong-willed and energetic woman, who kept up a demanding schedule of concert tours in between bearing several children. Es fällt kein Strahl in deines Herzens Nacht. As early as 1842 the possibilities of German opera had been keenly realized by Schumann, who wrote, "Do you know my prayer as an artist, night and morning? Der Zyklus entstand 1840 zu Gedichten aus Heinrich Heines Lyrischem Intermezzo, einer Sammlung von 65 Gedichten, die 1823 in Tragödien nebst einem lyrischen Intermezzo, dann 1827 im Buch der Lieder erschienen waren. The work comes to a close with a march of the Davidsbündler—the league of King David's men against the Philistines—in which may be heard the clear accents of truth in contest with the dull clamour of falsehood embodied in a quotation from the seventeenth century Grandfather's Dance. Wie der Kuß von ihrem Mund, At age 14, Schumann wrote an essay on the aesthetics of music and also contributed to a volume, edited by his father, titled Portraits of Famous Men. The texts for the 16 songs come from the Lyrisches Intermezzo of Heinrich Heine, written 1822–23 and published as part of the poet's Das Buch der Lieder. Es ist eine alte Geschichte, His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. 1 in B-flat, Op. So muß ich weinen bitterlich. Vztah tvorby k dědičnému zatížení. Doch bleibt sie immer neu; Das ist ein Flöten und Geigen, ")[10] and Hector Berlioz, whom he praised for creating music of substance. Schumann has often been confused with Austrian composer Franz Schubert; one well-known example occurred in 1956, when East Germany issued a pair of postage stamps featuring Schumann's picture against an open score that featured Schubert's music. Dazwischen schluchzen und stöhnen Und schüttelst das blonde Köpfchen; [6] One night he suddenly left his bed, having dreamt or imagined that a ghost (purportedly the spirit of either Schubert or Mendelssohn) had dictated a "spirit theme" to him. The text is often considered to lack dramatic qualities; the work has not remained in the repertoire. From 1851 to 1853 he visited Switzerland, Belgium and Leipzig. Und wüßten sie mein Wehe, Die Perlentränentröpfchen. Also published in 1845 was his Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 15. After a visit to Vienna, during which he discovered Franz Schubert's previously unknown Symphony No. He felt a growing attraction to 15-year-old Clara Wieck. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. 1. This is evident in Widmung, for example, where he uses the melody from Schubert's Ave Maria in the postlude in homage to Clara. The work begins with the "motto of C. W." (Clara Wieck) denoting her support for the ideals of the Davidsbund. Raro may represent either the composer himself, Wieck's daughter Clara, or the combination of the two (Clara + Robert). 54, originally conceived and performed as a one-movement Fantasy for Piano and Orchestra in 1841. Ich wachte auf, und die Träne He had to give up his plans for being a concert pianist because he injured his hand. Schumann wrote almost exclusively for the piano until 1840, ... Op. Zerfließt’s wie eitel Schaum. He lived in the time called the Romantic period. 48, 16 dal (Heine verseire) (1840) Színpadi művei. 48 (Schumann: Dichterliebe, Op. [6], The Davidsbündlertänze, Op. 57 and Die beiden Grenadiere, Op. By the end of that year he completed his Symphony No. 42 (relating the tale of a woman's marriage, childbirth and widowhood); the Dichterliebe of Heine, Op. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. No. Schumann’s Dichterliebe cycle portrays the psychological unfolding of disappointed love. Die lieblichen Engelein. Im wunderschönen Monat Mai, They call on a third, Meister Raro, for his opinion. "Schumann" and "Schuman" redirect here. Erquickenden Gesang. Schumann used the figure to express "fantastic and mad" emotional states. Die sollen den Sarg forttragen, 48 (depicting a lover rejected, but coming to terms with his painful loss through renunciation and forgiveness); and Myrthen, a collection of songs, including poems by Goethe, Rückert, Heine, Byron, Burns and Moore. According to Franz Liszt,[15] who played the work for Schumann and to whom it was dedicated, the Fantasie was apt to be played too heavily, and should have a dreamier (träumerisch) character than vigorous German pianists tended to impart. „Dein Angesicht so lieb und schön“. Und schaun mitleidig mich an: In the winter of 1832, at age 22, Schumann visited relatives in Zwickau and Schneeberg, where he performed the first movement of his Symphony in G minor (without opus number, known as the "Zwickauer"). In the winter, the Schumanns revisited Vienna, traveling to Prague and Berlin in the spring of 1847 and in the summer to Zwickau, where he was received with enthusiasm. Nur eine kennt meinen Schmerz; In the play, a young American pianist travels to Europe to overcome an artistic block that threatens his career. The "Träumerei" in F major, No. Strömt meine Tränenflut. The march, a step nearly always in duple meter, is here in 3/4 time (triple meter). Da ist in meinem Herzen 24, is a song cycle for voice and piano composed by Robert Schumann on nine poems by Heinrich Heine.The cycle was composed and published in 1840. [30][31][32][33], After Robert's death, Clara continued her career as a concert pianist, which supported the family. It is called 'German Opera.' In 1856, she first visited England. Am leuchtenden Sommermorgen Sempre Fantasticamente ed Appassionatamente, Hutcheson ("The Literature of the Piano"), "Robert Schumann: Variations on an original theme, for piano in E flat major ("Geister-Variationen"), WoO 24", "Does Schizoaffective Disorder Explain the Mental Illness of Robert Schumann and Vincent Van Gogh? 70, Three Romances for oboe and piano, Op. Their marriage supported a remarkable business partnership, with Clara acting as an inspiration, critic, and confidante to her husband. The stamps were soon replaced by a pair featuring music written by Schumann. Bei Heine Nr. 50, oratórium (1841–1843) Genoveva opera, Op. His budding romance with Clara was disrupted when her father learned of their trysts during the Christmas holidays. Ich liebe alleine Bei Heine Nr. Als alle Knospen sprangen, 6. Hinauf zur Waldeshöh’, Und sehe dich freundlich grüßen, Das ist ein Klingen und Dröhnen, Da spiegelt sich in den Well’n Bei Heine Nr. Aus deinen Augen schleichen sich Ich lieb’ sie nicht mehr, ich liebe alleine Von den 20 komponierten Liedern wurden 16 schließlich gedruckt. So schwindet all’ mein Leid und Weh; He never surpassed the searching beauty of the slow movements (Nos. Dichterliebe; Liederkreis; Frauenliebe und Leben; oratorium Ráj a Peri (Das Paradies und die Peri) op. She returned to London in 1865 and made regular appearances there in later years, often performing chamber music with the violinist Joseph Joachim and others. Herbert von Karajan / Vienna Symphony Orchestra rehearse the 4th Symphony, 1. Und senken ins Meer hinab; He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. In July he wrote to his mother, "My whole life has been a struggle between Poetry and Prose, or call it Music and Law." 94, Five Pieces in Folk Style for cello and piano, Op. Bei Heine Nr. Und wüßten’s die Blumen, die kleinen 3, "Rhenish" (a work containing five movements and whose 4th movement is apparently intended to represent an episcopal coronation ceremony). Liederkreis, Op. Die liebt’ ich einst alle in Liebeswonne. Es treibt mich ein dunkles Sehnen Denn solchem großen Sarge In the days leading up to his suicide attempt, Schumann wrote five variations on this theme for the piano, his last completed work, today known as the Geistervariationen (Ghost Variations). Noch lange bitterlich. For the French statesman and founding father of the European Union, see, According to Daverio, there is no evidence of the middle name "Alexander" that appears in some sources, Robert Schumann's "Artikel Neue Bahnen", 28 October 1853. [14], Kreisleriana, Op. Als wie zu Mainz die Brück’. Wohl aus der Erd’ hervor, Die Lilie soll klingend hauchen Und tanzen luft’gen Reigen Clara finally visited him two days before his death. Als wie der starke Christoph Uralte Melodei’n, Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). So werd’ ich ganz und gar gesund. 8. Ich hab’ im Traum geweinet, 2 (Butterflies), a musical portrayal of events in Jean Paul's novel Flegeljahre. Der ihr in den Weg gelaufen; Und lieblich duftend glühen, 48, ist ein Zyklus von 16 romantischen Kunstliedern von Robert Schumann. This pleased him, since until that time he was famous in only Dresden and Leipzig. ", "Robert Schumann's contribution to the genetics of psychosis", "Robert Schumann: Music amid the Madness", "Bipolar music – and how to get the mood swinging on Today: Robert Winston's Musical Analysis, R4", Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, Robert and Clara Schumann and their teacher, Johann Sebastian Bach, International Music Score Library Project, Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project, Adagio and Allegro for horn and piano, Op.