Nordhausen is situated at the border between the flat and fertile area of Goldene Aue in the south and the foothills of the Harz mountains in the north on a level of approx. Nordhausen is located on the Bundesautobahn 38 from Göttingen in the west to Halle and Leipzig in the east, opened in the 2000s. Hundreds of German scientists and their families from Nordhausen were among thousands deported to the Soviet Union after the war to work on advanced rocket and other arms engineering projects. ou. [4] From January 1945, sick and dying prisoners were interned at Boelcke Kaserne. Industrialization accompanied railway construction that linked the cities to major markets in the mid-19th century. Nordhausen was first mentioned in records in the year 927 and became one of the most important cities in central Germany during the later Middle Ages. NNZ-Online. ViaMichelin vous propose de calculer votre itinéraire Nordhausen à Bad Lauterberg im Harz en voiture ou en moto. Jugendclubhaus Nordhausen. La ville est située sur les cuestas du Trias inférieur au sud du massif de Harz, à une altitude de 180 à 260 mètres. Organisme gouvernemental. En moyenne, en semaine, il y a 17 trains Nordhausen — Osterode am Harz Mitte par jour. The Nordhausen tramway network forms an important part of the public transport system, established in 1900. It imposed discrimination against Jews, with increasing restrictions and violence such as Kristallnacht in 1938, when businesses and synagogues were destroyed. In 1882 it became an urban district (until 1950). Nordhausen am Harz Menü zur Webcam; Luftbilder; Kontakt; Webcam Nordhausen Webcams Hesseröder Straße. Since 2000 the economy is growing again, with the unemployment rate decreasing and Nordhausen consolidated as the urban centre of northern Thuringia. In May 1946 the Institute was subsumed into the new Institute Nordhausen, under an expanded programme of research across the Soviet occupation zone, including a new Institute Berlin. [9] Furthermore, there are two Gymnasiums in Nordhausen. Hier … 2.5 out of 5. Organisation à but non lucratif. In Germany Nordhausen is a household name, mostly for the "Nordhäuser Doppelkorn" that has been produced here continuously since at least 1507, when the first mention of a tax on locally produced liquor was made. He built a castle here, which is traceable between 910 and 1277 and became a centre of the empire during the 10th century. During the 12th century, the old town was semi-planned and established around the new market place and St. Nicholas' Church. [6] Transplanted along with their equipment, many of the scientists and their families lived there until the early 1950s. Blick Stadteinwärts. Like other eastern German cities, Nordhausen has only a small number of foreigners: circa 2.3% are non-Germans by citizenship and overall 4.6% are migrants (according to 2011 EU census). République de Weimar 1918–1933 The municipal law of Nordhausen was similar to that of Mühlhausen, hence the Mühlhausen Book of Law was adopted in the mid-13th century. In the early 13th century, it became a free imperial city, so that it was an independent and republican self-ruled member of the Holy Roman Empire. On 18 July the Soviet administration created the Institute Rabe to develop Soviet rocket technology on the basis of the substantially more sophisticated V-2 rockets. To the north, the terrain is getting more hilly and part of a karst area south to the Harz mountains. Besides the parish churches, many monasteries were founded during the late Middle Ages in Nordhausen (Cistercians in Altnordhausen (Frauenberg, about 1200) and Altendorf (1294), Augustines where the Nordhäuser distillery is today (1312), Franciscans at Georgengasse (1230) and Dominicans at Predigerstraße (1287)). Pour réserver votre séjour à Osterode am Harz ou simplement pour faire une étape sur votre itinéraire Nordhausen - Osterode am Harz, vous avez la possibilité de réserver votre chambre dans l’hébergement de votre choix (hôtel, gîte, &B, camping, appartement). Saint-Empire (Ville libre) 1220-1802 http://www.stadtmagazin-nordhausen.de/dora.html, http://www.hoeckmann.de/deutschland/thueringen.htm, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nordhausen&oldid=174261827, Page avec coordonnées similaires sur Wikidata, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. In the early 20th century, this became a centre of the engineering and arms industries. Serviceportal Landkreis Nordhausen am Harz. Nordhausen (Nordhouse en français) est une ville allemande, située dans le Land de Thuringe. In April 1945, most of the city was destroyed by Royal Air Force bombings, resulting in 8,800 casualties (more than 20% of the population). Nordhausen's cityscape is marked by the near total destruction during the bombings in 1945, extinguishing most of the historic city centre. Personnalité politique. A week later the United States troops occupied the city, followed weeks later by the Soviet Red Army. Le temps de trajet peut varier pendant les week-ends et les vacances. Freiwillige Feuerwehr Nordhausen-Mitte. République démocratique allemande 1949–1990 Thüringer Allgemeine Nordhausen. Approximately 57% of the municipal territory is in agricultural use. The Landesgartenschau (Land's horticultural exhibition) in 2004 was an impetus to further urban development. During recent years, the economic situation of the city improved somewhat: the unemployment rate in Nordhausen district declined from 24% in 2005 to 10% in 2013 with higher rates in the city than in the bordering rural municipalities. Impressum The Uprising of 1953 in East Germany found a centre in Nordhausen, because the living conditions within the destroyed city were still bad, and the people were exceedingly dissatisfied. Webcam Nordhausen Hesseröder Str. Under the protection of Hanover, the economy improved again and the production of tobacco since mid-18th century brought new wealth to Nordhausen. Because of the various incorporations of neighbouring villages, the amount looks smaller than it was. The university has 2,500 students. The former Bundesstraße 80 was annulled after the opening of the parallel Bundesautobahn 38 and the Bundesstraße 81 as a connection to Magdeburg starts a few kilometres north of the city at B 4. The reconstruction of Nordhausen took a long time during the 1950s and 1960s and was carried out in modern architectural style. Later the region's plants produced truck motors, augers and excavators. Ferienhaus "karli" am Taucherparadies und Harz Tor. Nordhausen am Südharz; Kultur in Nordhausen; Bausteine – Fahrten; Dampflok-Tour durch den Südharz; AGB Reiseanlässe; Downloads; Tourismus; Wandermöglichkeiten Nordhausen ; Kontakt Kontaktformular, Ansprechpartner. The reconstruction after the World War II was carried out in altered manner, changing the grid and the structure of Nordhausen, which can be clearly seen along the new main streets Rautenstraße and Töpferstraße. Suchen und gefunden werden in Nordhausen . During World War II, the Nazi German government established and operated the nearby KZ Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp, where 60,000 forced labourers had to work in the arms industry. Géographie. Une ancienne ville libre d'Empire, Nordhausen est le chef-lieu de l'arrondissement de Nordhausen. A Special Mission V-2: US operation was undertaken by Maj. William Bromley, intended to recover V-2 rocket parts and equipment. This holiday home has a garden, barbecue facilities, free WiFi and free private parking. Nordhausen (pronounced [ˈnɔʁtˌhaʊ̯zn̩] (listen)) is a city in Thuringia, Germany. Retrouvez la distance de Osterode am Harz à Nordhausen , le temps de trajet estimé avec l’impact du trafic routier en temps réel, ainsi que le coût de votre parcours (coûts des péages et coût du carburant). Jugendclubhaus Nordhausen. It is the capital of the Nordhausen district and the urban centre of northern Thuringia and the southern Harz region; its population is 42,000. The narrow-gauge Trans-Harz-Railway is linked with the tramway network in a Tram-train system with many stops within Nordhausen. Nordhausen is located approximately 60 km (37 miles) north of Erfurt, 80 km (50 miles) west of Halle, 85 km (53 miles) south of Braunschweig and 60 km (37 miles) east of Göttingen. This holiday home has a garden, barbecue facilities, free WiFi and free private parking. The nearest airports are the Erfurt-Weimar Airport, 80 km (50 mi) to the south, the Leipzig/Halle Airport, 120 km (75 mi) to the east and the Hannover Airport, 150 km (93 mi) to the north-west. 180 m of elevation. Allemagne 1990–présent. Boasting garden views, Attraktive FeWo am Harz mit historischer Lage im Wald provides accommodation with a terrace, around 3.5 km from Badehaus Nordhausen baths. Entreprise de radiodiffusion et de production médiatique. Hotel Nordhäuser Fürstenhof. Allemagne occupée 1945–1949 Nevertheless, the local industry revived after the crisis. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Connexion. Due to its long-distance trade, Nordhausen was prosperous and influential, with a population of 8,000 around 1500. Except of Südharz, which is part of Mansfeld-Südharz district in Saxony-Anhalt, all the neighbouring municipalities belong to the Nordhausen district in Thuringia. The most important regions of origin of Nordhausen migrants are rural areas of Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt as well as foreign countries like Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria. Pages connexes. Site web d’actualités. They were not generally permitted to live there again until 1807.[2][3]. On 22 October 1946, under Operation Osoaviakhim, 10–15,000 German scientists, engineers and their families were deported to the Soviet Union, including around 300 from Nordhausen. The city was within the Soviet zone of occupation, and later the territory was known as East Germany. It was the third-largest city in Thuringia after Erfurt, today's capital, and Mühlhausen, the other free imperial city in the land. zurück weiter. Site web d’actualités. Comparez les horaires et tarifs de nombreux opérateurs et réservez votre billet au meilleur prix. South of Helme river, the terrain gets also hilly around the Windleite mountains between Nordhausen and Sondershausen. Personnalité politique. Nordhausen station is the main station, a second one is Nordhausen-Salza on the South Harz line. The mansion district developed in the north around Stolberger Straße and in the south and west along the railways, the big industrial areas are located. After the German reunification of 1990, Nordhausen was made part of the recreated state of Thuringia. En moyenne, la durée d'un trajet en bus est de 1 heure et 32 minutes pour se rendre de Nordhausen à Osterode am Harz Mitte. The 1990s brought an economic crisis with high unemployment rates, and many uncompetitive communist-era factories had to close. Retrouvez la distance de Nordhausen à Bad Lauterberg im Harz , le temps de trajet estimé avec l’impact du trafic routier en temps réel, ainsi que le coût de votre parcours (coûts des péages et coût du carburant). Serviceportal Landkreis Nordhausen am Harz. Boîte de nuit. [2][3], In 1500 it became part of the Lower Saxon Circle, and from around the same year the city began producing fermented grain liquor, which became famous under the name Nordhäuser Doppelkorn. Royaume de Prusse 1802–1807 Société de médias/d’actualités. Between them are some quarry ponds of former gravel mining near the Sundhausen and Bielen districts. L'itinéraire le plus rapide de Nordhausen à Osterode am Harz Mitte en bus est de 1 heure et 32 minutes. Trouvez des trains Nordhausen - Osterode am Harz Leege pas chers. Serviceportal Landkreis Nordhausen am Harz. Matthias Jendricke. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) Within the GDR, Nordhausen was the centre of tobacco and liqueur production. Nordhausen is the biggest city in a circuit of 60 km (37 mi), making it an important regional service hub for retail, medicine, education, government and culture (theatre, cinema etc.). Town hall, the cathedral and St. Blaise's Church were the only rebuilt historic monuments. Furthermore, there are inner-city and regional bus services. Nordhausen became part of East Germany in 1949. Société de médias/d’actualités. Looking for CasaSmart // Das Ferienhaus am Harz Nordhausen? La ville est située sur les cuestas du Trias inférieur au sud du massif de Harz, à une altitude de 180 à 260 mètres. The B 4 (southern branch) and the B 243 shall be enlarged because of their importance as connections to and between Erfurt and Lower Saxony. Serviceportal Landkreis Nordhausen am Harz, Nordhausen. Industry developed and expanded during the following decades. Environ 20 trains partent de Osterode am Harz Mitte et arrivent à Nordhausen chaque jour, et il est possible de trouver des billets à 13,60 € en réservant à l’avance. During the Napoleonic Wars, Prussian troops occupied Nordhausen on 2 August 1802; the city lost its status as an Imperial Free City during the German Mediatisation. After the war, the Electorate of Brandenburg tried to incorporate the free cities of Nordhausen, Mühlhausen and Goslar, because it already became large territories in the Harz region. Boîte de nuit. Organisme gouvernemental. Site web d’actualités. Ici, vous trouverez tous les autocars entre Osterode am Harz et Nordhausen. It deported Jews to concentration and death camps. The first market was established in the 10th century, as was a chapter of nuns (961). Nordhausen was granted the privileges of a town around 1200, in 1198 it was first mentioned as a villa and in 1206, there was a mayor, a Vogt and citizens. 4.5K likes. Südharz Klinikum Nordhausen. Hôpital . There were four historic city parts before: the old town within the city wall on a hill east of the Zorge valley, the new town within the valley between the river in the west, the city wall in the east, Hohensteinerstraße in the north and Vor dem Vogel street in the south, the Altendorf suburbium in the north-west around Altendorf and Am Alten Tor street and the Altnordhausen suburbium in the south-east around St. Mary's Church on the hill. Around 10,000 forced labourers were deployed in several factories within the city; up to 6,000 of them were interned at Boelcke Kaserne, working for a Junkers factory. The old level was attained again in the early 1960s and the population peak was reached in 1988 with 48,000. Société de médias/d’actualités. Kreisverkehr Str. Some 20,000 persons died because of the bad conditions. Ce service gratuit est offert en partenariat avec Booking. Serviceportal Landkreis Nordhausen am Harz, Nordhausen, Germany. The city wall was built between 13th and 15th century and remained in big parts (in the north, south-west and south-east). 16.2% are members of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany and 4.5% are Catholics (according to 2011 EU census). Matthias Jendricke. The primary industry of Nordhausen is in the production of heavy machinery. Nordhausen was Reichsgut (estate of the German emperor) from the beginning, but in 1158, Frederick Barbarossa donated it to the local chapter of nuns, which was converted to a cathedral chapter by Frederick II in 1220, whereby the city came back to the empire and became an Imperial Free City. On April 3 and 4, 1945 three-quarters of Nordhausen was destroyed by bombing raids of the Royal Air Force, resulting in the deaths of around 8,800 people, including 1,300-1,500 sick prisoners at the Boelcke Kaserne barracks within Nordhausen.[5]. Jugendclubhaus Nordhausen. 27 Rinnestraße, Nordhausen, Nordhausen . Nevertheless, Industrialization started in the 1860s, as Nordhausen got connected to the railway and the population grew to 26,000 and 33,000 in 1910, which was a smaller growth than in other cities of comparable size during that period of rapid urbanisation in Germany. Die Kreisstadt 99734 Nordhausen befindet sich im Norden von #Thüringen an der Grenze zu #Niedersachsen und Sachsen-A... #Nordhausen am #Harz kl. The cathedral chapter stayed catholic, protected by the Habsburg emperors but the other monasteries got closed during the following decades and their heritage came to the city. La ville possède un réseau de transports en commun composé tout d'abord de nombreuses lignes de bus, et de trois lignes de trammway, dont une en tram-train, qui dessert toutes les communes jusqu'à Ilfeld. The forests are located first between the city centre in the south and Rüdigsdorf in the north (with interruptions), second at Kohnstein hill and third in the east around Rodishain and Stempeda. As the engineering industry developed after 1900, the city saw an economic heyday. It occurred after the reunification for a short time in the 1990s, but most of the suburban areas were situated within the administrative city borders. Today's city wall was established between 1290 and 1330 and cut the old town off from Altendorf in the north-west, the new town in the west and Altnordhausen in the south. After Prussia's defeat against Napoleon, it became part of the Kingdom of Westphalia created in 1807. Plus tard. Service local. Matthias Jendricke. Nordhausen was once known for its tobacco industry and is still known for its distilled spirit, Nordhäuser Doppelkorn. In 1349, during a plague epidemic, some number of Jewish residents were killed by the citizenry with support from Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen. La ville de Nordhausen est jumelée avec [1]: Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Cereals from the region are used in the making of a famous local spirit, the Nordhäuser Korn. Quelle est la durée d’un trajet Nordhausen à Osterode am Harz Mitte en bus ? The region had a factory for the production of rail engines until 1942. ViaMichelin vous propose de calculer votre itinéraire Osterode am Harz à Nordhausen en voiture ou en moto. Gerberga of Saxony, Henry's daughter is supposed to have been born there, as was Henry I, Duke of Bavaria. The Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences was founded in 1997, attracting students to the town. In 1897, the narrow-gauge Trans-Harz Railway followed as the last one. Stadtwerke Nordhausen. Nordhausen is a city in Thuringia, Germany. Organisme gouvernemental. The most recent mayoral election was held on 10 September 2017, with a runoff held on 24 September, and the results were as follows: The most recent city council election was held on 26 May 2019, and the results were as follows: Location of Nordhausen, Thuringia within Nordhausen district, 1 December; 25,681 "native inhabitants", 3,582 "refugees with their residence in the area", 2,480 "refugees without fixed residence", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences, "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2019", According to Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nordhausen,_Thuringia&oldid=997010997, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2015, All articles needing additional references, Pages using infobox German location with unknown parameters, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In December 1898 the Nordhausen-Wernigerode Railway Company (Nordhausen-Wernigeroder Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft) or NWE added a line, with the full network operating by 1899. Site web d’actualités . Nordhausen is a 44 000 inhabitant town in Thuringia.It is situated within the greater Harz area.. Agriculture plays an important role to the present day. NNZ-Online. In 1551, the Jews were expelled from the city. The Franks colonized the area around Nordhausen about 800, many place names here have a Frankish origin, discernible by the suffix -hausen (like Nordhausen itself, Sundhausen, Windehausen and the later abandoned settlement Stockhausen as well as the neighbouring cities of Mühlhausen, Sondershausen, Frankenhausen and Sangerhausen). and joined the Hanseatic League together with them in 1430. The Harz Narrow Gauge Railways are maintained today by local authorities and frequented primarily by tourists. Boîte de nuit. A major shopping centre is the Südharz Galerie at Bahnhofstraße, and the Südharz Klinikum is one of the biggest hospitals in Thuringia. Quelle est la durée d'un trajet Nordhausen — Osterode am Harz Mitte en train ? As distinct from Mühlhausen and many other free imperial cities, Nordhausen did not own any territories or villages in the surrounding area. Connexion. The Zorge river crosses the city from northwest to southeast and the bigger Helme river runs in west-eastern direction at the southern border of the municipality. In the late 19th century, narrow-gauge railways were constructed in this region through the Harz mountains. The city's independence was endangered by the ambitions of regional counts, especially by those of Hohnstein County (based in near Ilfeld), who extorted funds from Nordhausen during the 14th century. Understand []. Sauvegarder l’hébergement Apartment-Hotel Zur Helme dans vos listes. Altnordhausen and the new town are completely vanished, the old town was destroyed up to 90%, only some buildings around Barfüßerstraße, Domstraße and Bäckerstraße on the western edge remained, whereas Altendorf preserved entirely. Stadtansichten Nordhausen. They were prisoners of war and persons from occupied territories. Furthermore, there were churches being destroyed by the 1945 bombings: the old main church St. Nicholas' and the new town's church St. Jacob's as well as the earlier abandoned monasteries of the Augustines, Franciscans and Dominicans. Créer un compte. Apartment-Hotel Zur Helme. Nordhausen is located approximately 60 km (37 miles) north of Erfurt, 80 km (50 miles) west of Halle, 85 km (53 miles) south of Braunschweig and 60 km (37 miles) east of Göttingen. Les rivières Zorge et Salza, des affluents de la Helme, traversent la zone urbaine. Nordhausen abuts the following municipalities: Ellrich, Harztor, Harzungen, Neustadt, Buchholz and Herrmannsacker in the north, Südharz and Urbach in the east, Heringen and Kleinfurra in the south and Werther in the west. Peripheral Plattenbau settlements were built during the later GDR period in the east at Leimbacher Straße and in the north around the hospital. Further alliances were concluded with Goslar, Halberstadt, Quedlinburg and Aschersleben to represent urban interests against the landlords. The property includes a living room with a flat-screen TV. On August 24, 1944, 11 B-17 Flying Fortresses of Mission 568 bombed the airfield at Nordhausen as a target of opportunity. In the 1930s the Nazi Party came to power in Germany. Most of the historic buildings in the city were destroyed; it suffered the most damage during the war of any city in Thuringia. Only the Soviet army could defeat the uprising. Webcam Nordhausen Hesseröder Str. Independent Kai Buchmann was elected in the resulting election. During the 19th and 20th century, the city enlarged to all directions, the worker's districts were built up in the west at Zorge valley and Salza and to the east around Förstemannstraße and Leimbacher Straße. sponsored by www.HRO-Netz.de. Furthermore, there are important secondary roads to Heringen in the south-east and to Buchholz in the north-east. During the 16th century, Nordhausen succeeded to push back the influence of the Wettins and the Hohnstein counts by buying back their privileges over the city. Royaume de Prusse (Province de Saxe) 1815–1918 Today, engineering is still the most important industrial branch of Nordhausen, although many factories have had to close following the reunification of Germany in 1990.